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Are All Jews and Christians Considered Unbelievers In Islam?

December 26, 2010

Islam teaches that the humanity is divided in many tribes and races, but ultimately they are divided into believers and unbelievers. In order for us to see if in fact Islam teaches that ALL Jews and Christians are unbelievers, we must first learn what it means to be (un)believer in Islam. The definitions of believer and unbeliever are both in the Qur’an, but I will make short descriptions that best give us better understanding.

Firstly, according to the Qur’an, believers are those who believe in One God (In Arabic language: Allah) and who freely submit their will to the Will of God (Allah). That is why believers are called Muslims in the Qur’an, because in the Arabic language “Muslim” literally means: the one who submits (to the Will of God). Belief that everything happens according to God’s Will is essential. Secondly, believers are defined in the Qur’an as those who also believe in the Truth Message of the Messangers, the Revelations (including the Old Testament, The New Testament, The Psalms and the Qur’an), existence of angels, Last Day/Judgment, who give charity and do good. Those are the basics of belief according to Islam. And these beliefs, according to Islamic teachings, are not limited to Muslims only. This is evident in these verses below that basically describe that among Muslims and non-Muslims there are good and bad people:

Chapter 2, verse 62: “Those who believe (in the Qur’an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.”

Unbelievers, according to the Qur’an, are those who: do not believe in One God but rather many idols/ “gods”. Those who ascribe partners with God (those who may believe that God has family, wives, parents or partners in Divine Rule) are also called unbelievers. Polytheistic Arabs did believe God (Allah) existed, that He was superior among “the gods”, but they invented hundreds of idols. In their polytheistic religion, they believed that they could not communicate with Allah (God) directly, that they would need idol mediators. Believing multiple “manifestation” of God is considered polytheism, the unbelief. Rejecting His Signs are also qualities of an unbeliever.
Enemies of Islam and Muslims would have us believe that Jews and Christians are automatically called non-believers or even pagans in Islam. Islam, however, teaches that some Jews and Christians are believers, and some are not.
Here are the verses from the Noble Qur’an:
Chapter 5, verses 46-47: “And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah. Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah hath revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.”
Chapter 2, verses 40-41: “O Children of Israel! call to mind the (special) favour which I bestowed upon you, and fulfill your covenant with Me as I fulfil My Covenant with you, and fear none but Me. And believe in what I reveal, confirming the revelation which is with you, and be not the first to reject Faith therein, nor sell My Signs for a small price; and fear Me, and Me alone.”
Chapter 5, verse 5: ““And (Lawful in marriage are) chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you…”, that is believing Jewish and Christian women.
In Chapter 98, verse 5 we see that Jews and Christians considered believers are those who “have been commanded no more than this: To worship One God (Allah), offering Him sincere devotion, being true (in faith); to establish regular prayer; and to practice regular charity; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.”

Qur’an Chapter 98, verse 6: “Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures”

Also, in Chapter 3, verse 110: ““Among them (Jews and the Christians) are believers but most of them are defiantly disobedient.”
Chapter 48, verse 29 describes believers: “And thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer) seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Torah; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade then makes it strong; it then becomes thick and it stands on its own stem (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight.”
Chapter 3, verses 111—117 speak of believing Jews and Christians: “Not all of them are alike: of the People of the Book are a portion that stand (for the right); they rehearse the signs of Allah all night long and then prostrate themselves in adoration.
They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong; and they (hasten in emulation) in (all) good works; they are in the ranks of the righteous.”
Chapter 3, verse 199: “And there are certainly among the people of the Book (Jews and Christians) those who believe in Allah in the revelation to you and in the revelation to them bowing in humility to Allah: they will not sell the signs of Allah for a miserable gain! for them is a reward with their Lord and Allah is swift in account.”

Some who call themselves Muslims are not true believers, says Qur’an: 

Now, what about Muslims? Are all who declare themselves Muslims considered believers? Not so, according to Islam. Based on the Qur’an, the first Muslim community was plagued by hypocrites (closet unbelievers, if you will). And hypocrites are considered unbelievers in Islam. Here are the verses:
“Among the people there are some who say, ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ when they are not believers.” (Chapter al-Baqara: verse 8)

“There is a group of you who propagated the lie. . . . “ (Chapter an-Nur: verse 11)

“Don’t you see those who claim that they believe in what has been sent down to you (Qur’an) and what was sent down before you (Torah, Psalms and Gospel), still desiring to turn to a satanic source for judgment in spite of being ordered to reject it? Satan wants to misguide them far away.” (Chapter an-Nisa’: verse 60)

“When they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe.” But then when they go apart with their satan, they say, “We are really with you. We were only mocking.” (Chapter al-Baqara: verse 14)

“At that point the believers were tested and severely shaken. When the hypocrites and people with sickness in their hearts said, “What Allah and His Messenger promised us was mere delusion.” (Chapter al-Ahzab: verses 11-12)
“Those (hypocrites) who wait and watch about you; if you gain a victory from Allâh, they say: “Were we not with you,” but if the disbelievers gain a success, they say (to them): “Did we not gain mastery over you and did we not protect you from the believers?” Allâh will judge between you (all) on the Day of Resurrection. And never will Allâh grant to the disbelievers a way (to triumph) over the believers.” Chapter An-Nisâ, verse 141
“They have made their oaths a screen (for their evil actions). Thus they hinder (men) from the Path of Allâh, so they shall have a humiliating torment.” Chapter Al-Mujadilah verse 16
“And if they had intended to march out, certainly, they would have made some preparation for it, but Allâh was averse to their being sent forth, so He made them lag behind, and it was said (to them), ‘Sit you among those who sit (at home).’ Had they marched out with you, they would have added to you nothing except disorder, and they would have hurried about in your midst (spreading corruption) and sowing sedition among you, and there are some among you who would have listened to them. And Allâh is the All-Knower of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).” Chapter at-Taubah verses 46,47

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8 Comments leave one →
  1. September 16, 2015 12:59 pm

    People with opinions just go around the world bothering each other. In the end we’ll all be judged. Pray more, argue less.

  2. Abd Allah permalink
    May 30, 2015 5:39 am

    You are a liar, may Allah punish you. Having doubts about the kufr of jews and christians makes you automatically a kafir too!!

    Sobhanallah, christians and jews who submit to Allah and BELIEVE IN QURAN AND MUHAMMAD AND FOLLOW HIM are believers

    You try to please de infidels to Allah, you are a coward without knowledge, you want to hide tawhid and LA ILAHA IL ALLAH and the mistakes of the christians (worship of Issa, deniying Muhammad, following rules of their priests)… and the mistakes of the jews (making ressembling god to humans by saying He rested, following the rabbin-made rules, insulting prophets and lying about them, killing prophets without permission, deniying many prophets who are not from Bani Israil… and it goes on)…

    SHAME ON YOU!!!

    • dreamadventurer permalink*
      June 18, 2015 8:56 pm

      Salaam:

      If you are a true Muslim, then you would not call me a kafir for I believe in and pray to Allah SWT. Secondly, besides those Christians who believe Jesus to be divine, Qur’an is NOT calling all of them unbelievers as in the following ayat:

      “Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabians — whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does good, they shall have their reward from their Lord. And there will be no fear for them, nor shall they grieve” (2:62, 5:69)”

      Clearly, there is distinction between “those who believe” and “those who are Jews, Christians and the Sabians.” At the same time, ALLAH SWT is acknowledging that those people have separate religions, are separate Ummah, YET some of them still believe in Him.

      Secondly, ALLAH SWT says Himself in the Noble Qur’an: “There is from among them a party on the right course, but many of them follow a course that is evil” (5:66).

      Then, we find in the Noble Qur’an that Allah SWT says that His Holy Name is mentioned not just in mosques: “…monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the name of Allah is much mentioned….” surah 22, ayat 40).

      So, if Allah SWT is saying to you and me, and the rest of humanity, that among the Jews and Christians there are believers, then are you believing that the above ayats are lies?!?!? SubhanAllah! If Allah SWT is telling us that people pray to Him in churches, mosques and synagogues are you going to say that it is false?

      Man, you need to read the Book, read it well and then come back and comment. Otherwise, may Allah SWT guide you.

  3. Anon permalink
    April 8, 2012 10:03 pm

    You’ve misinterpretated these verses (just like you did with other verses in the apostasy article). For example, had you bothered to examine the Asbabun Nuzul of Chapter 3, verse 110 (and verse 113 which is part of the context) you would’ve seen that this refers to Jews and Christians who embraced Islam, NOT Christians and Jews who are believers, while simultaneously being Christians and Jews.

    Tafir At-Tabari also mentions it refers to Christians and Jews who became Muslims (http://altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=1&tSoraNo=3&tAyahNo=110&tDisplay=yes&Page=3&Size=1&LanguageId=1).

    Ibn Abbas (the Prophet’s cousin) also mentioned this in a hadith collected by At-Tabaraani in his Al-Mujam Al-Kabiri, No. 1372.

    • dreamadventurer permalink*
      August 21, 2013 9:41 pm

      Maybe you are right. Maybe it is me who is right. Allah SWT will decide. Regardless, the fact from the Noble Qur’an is that there are believers among the Jews and Christians.

      • Abd Allah permalink
        May 30, 2015 5:50 am

        Disbelieving in just one prophet (jews) worshiping a prophet (issa), lying about a prophet (jews) judging by rabbin-priest-made laws (jews & christian) instead of the revelation (tora and bible) in their time, disbelieving in the last revelation (Quran)… are the most evil sin that exists, kufr that Allah azawajal dont forgive… you lyar

        Allah decides what he wills, so say good things or stay quiet!!!!

      • dreamadventurer permalink*
        June 18, 2015 9:01 pm

        LOL I will not stay quiet. There is such a thing as freedom of thought, speech, life. If you cannot grasp that, then oh well. What can I do? Stop reading what other people write and talk about, and go back to a jungle with your narrow minded views.

  4. December 27, 2010 9:13 am

    thanks

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